During the Ottoman Empire, a crucial goal of education was to raise 'excellent Muslims'. Hence there was a need for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Faith Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were integrated to form the tangible origins these days's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Unification of Educational Direction was passed, replacing the existing, mainly sectarian educational system with a secular, centralist and nationalist education one. The new law brought all academic organizations under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Professors of Theology at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), special schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the brand-new Ministry of National Education. However, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Professors of Divinity was eliminated.
In contrast to the exclusively secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican People's Celebration (CHP) religious education was renewed in 1948. This included the facility of a Faculty of Faith at the University of Ankara in 1949. Initial steps for the facility of Imam Hatip schools began in 1951 under the Democrat Party federal government, which set up seven special secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools experienced the hazard of closure. Following the go back to civilian politics and the introduction of the new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools could only enrol in university programmes if they had passed courses offered at secular schools. During the premiership of Süleyman Demirel however, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were admitted to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état introduced two crucial reforms: firstly junior high Imam Hatip schools were eliminated, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were renamed as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were specified as professional schools, where students were to be trained as preachers and ministers or gotten ready for higher education.
Imam Hatip schools grew slowly at first, however their numbers broadened rapidly to 334 throughout the 1970s. The union federal government of 1974, established by the CHP and the MSP (National Salvation Party), dedicated to resume junior highs and offering the right of entry to university through examination. 230 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a duration of almost 4 years. Throughout the 1974-75 academic year the variety of students taking care of the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number consequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, women got the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The proliferation of Imam Hatip high schools is frequently cited as the effect of the National Salvation Celebration's subscription of a number of coalitions with Nationalist Front federal governments.
Circumstance given that 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a critical turning point in the history of Turkey and also for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools acquired the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, two brand-new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the area, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the aim of adding to the education of children of families who work abroad. Although the variety of Imam Hatip high schools had not increased given that, the number of trainees attending Imam Hatip high schools has actually increased by 45%. This is partially due to the improvement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education used at such schools.
Throughout the education year of 1973-74, the total number of Imam Hatip trainees was 34,570; in 1997 this number had actually greatly increased to reach 511,502. Along with this massive increase in popularity, the variety of schools https://www.imamhatipavm.com/ also increased. The number of Imam Hatip junior high reached 601 and secondary schools 402. The increase in both student and school numbers can be credited to aspects including the commitment of individuals to faith, dormitory facilities, scholarships, the admittance of women and a boost in need for religious education.
Research study suggests that between the years of 1993 and 2000, prospective trainees signed up at Imam Hatip high schools primarily to receive spiritual tutoring along with a more general education.In addition, research reveals enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based solely on the student's decision. The 3rd suggested consider the increase in popularity of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female students in 1976. By 1998, practically 100,000 females went to Imam Hatip high schools, comprising nearly half of all trainees. This figure is especially exposing due to the fact that females are not qualified to end up being either priests or ministers.
However, the introduction of eight years of compulsory education in 1997 has actually seen an abrupt decrease in the appeal of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "professional schools" suggested that, although more options had been provided to graduates, achieving places at distinguished university courses became more difficult.By requiring that all 8 required years of education be invested under the very same primary-school roof, intermediate schools were eliminated. Kids could not enter trade schools (one of them the Imam Hatip school) until the ninth grade (instead of the 6th, as before).